Guidance for machine manufacturers

Last edit: 07/07/2023

Apart from direct measures regarding installed hardware and software as well as appropriate design of the entire machine regarding IT-security, the significant contribution by the machine manufacturer can be made by appropriate information on the vulnerability analysis in its instruction handbook to the customer/end user (and possibly to the system integrator).

Moreover, at the design stage, the machine manufacturer should observe basic principles/measures to minimize the vulnerability of safety-related parts of the entire machine with regard to IT security threats. For example:

  • Separate safety-relevant IT-system as far as possible from the overall IT-system of the machine.
  • Equip the machine IT-system with firewalls, antivirus tools, etc….
  • Equip the machine with means to detect failed IT-system components being essential for safety or unavailable risk reduction measures.
  • Equip the machine with means which brings the machine in case of a failed IT-system component being essential for safety or unavailable risk reduction measures ultimately to a safe state.
  • Equip the machine with means/measures for authentication for access control (e.g. card readers, physical locks, password-systems).
  • Equip the machine with means for software upgradability.
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